the first movie in India raja Harishchandra

By | 22nd January 2020

Welcome to the Vishnu k Films Today we will talk about Raja Harishchandra as well as the first films made in India, let us start with Raja Harishchandra.

Raja  Harishchandra

It is said that Raja  Harishchandra was the famous Suryavanshi king of Ayodhya who was the son of Satyavrat. He was famous for his integrity and for this he had to suffer a lot. And these were desired by his son for a long time, but in the end, he worshiped Varunadeva with the sermon of his Vice-Chancellor Vashistha, then gave birth to a son on the condition that he sacrifice him in Harishchandra Yagya. The son was named Rohitashv and when the king did not fulfill his vow even after Varuna came several times, he cursed Harishchandra for having ascites.

To get rid of the disease and to please Varunadeva, the king reached Vashistha. Here Indra drove Rohitashva into the forest. The king prepared the yagna by purchasing Shun: Shepco, the child of a poor Brahmin named Azigart, with the consent of Vashistha. But at the time of sacrificing, Shamita said that I sacrifice the animal, not human. When Shamita left, Vishwamitra came and told Shun: Shep a mantra and asked him to chant. On chanting this mantra, Varun Dev himself appeared and said – Harishchandra, your yajna is complete. Leave this Brahmankumar. I also free you from ascites.

Hearing the end of the yajna, Rohitash also returned from the forest and became the son of Shun: Shep Vishwamitra. Harishchandra and his queen Shaivya suffered a lot due to Vishwamitra’s wrath. He had to go to Kashi and sell it to Shwpach, but in the end, Rohita’s untimely demise caused the gods to flush and the prince rose up.

People story

As per the people, King Harishchandra had sold himself along with his wife and son to follow the path of truth. It is said-

Chandra Terai Suraj Terai, Tera Jagat Behavior, Pai Standing Shri Harishchandra’s true idea.

His wife’s name was Tara and son’s name was Rohit. He had donated his entire kingdom to Vishwamitra ji due to his pious nature, but for the post-donation Dakshina, all three beings had sold themselves in sixty gold and fulfilled their dignity, when their son’s bite When she died, wife Tara took her son to the crematorium for the last action. There the king himself was working in a dome and used to give cremation to the dom. He also ordered the tax from the queen, when Rani Tara wanted to tear down her saree and pay the tax, at the same time Akashvani came and was told the victory of responsibility towards the king’s donated examination and duties. After this, the king was given back the kingdom and the son was resurrected. This has happened for the first time in history and has not happened yet for the second time but cannot say anything about the future.


 The Raja Harishchandra film produced by the film’s director Dada Saheb Phalke was released in 1913 and the film “Raja Harishchandra” is credited with being India’s first feature film. “Raja Harishchandra” is a silent film with a length of four reels. The story of this film is based on the story of King Harishchandra described in Hindu mythological texts. During his stay in London, Dadasaheb Phalke was so impressed by watching the movie The Life of Christ based on the life of Jesus Christ that he decided to make a film in India. Since there was little knowledge about filmmaking in India at that time, Dadasaheb Phalke learned the art of filmmaking in England.

Dada Saheb Phalke started filming “Raja Harishchandra” when he returned to India after learning the art of filmmaking. But it was not easy to make a film at that time because people considered films to be the magic of the British. It was difficult to find actors for the film. In some way, male actors were found, but female artists could not be found, because it was considered taboo for women to act in the drama, gimmick, films, etc. Male actors had to play female characters wearing women’s clothes. When Dada Saheb Phalke started making this film, he could not find a female artist to play Taramati, he was forced to get a young man Salunke to do this role. Dada Saheb Phalke faced many obstacles during the making of “Raja Harishchandra”, but he remained steadfast in making his film, and the film was released on 3 May 1913.

“Raja Harishchandra” gained so much popularity on display that huge crowds of people gathered on the streets in front of the Coronation Cinema in Girgaon, Mumbai. The demand for this film increased so much that Dada Saheb Phalke had to make many more prints of the film for its performance in rural areas. The film achieved tremendous success and Dada Saheb Phalke was established as a filmmaker and opened a path for the Indian film industry.

It is noteworthy that Dada Saheb Phalke’s real name was ‘Dhundiraj Govind Phalke’ and he is considered to be the grandfather of the Indian film industry. Today, the outstanding contribution in the field of filmmaking by the Government of India is conferred with the ‘Dadasaheb Phalke’ award, which is the highest honor of the region. So friends, the information behind the film was now talking about it.

Raja Harishchandra was an Indian silent film made in 1913. It was produced by director Dadasaheb Phalke and was the first full-length drama film in Indian cinema.

Movie story

The film begins with a tableau of copies of paintings made by Raja Ravi Varma by Raja Harishchandra, his wife and son.


The film stars Dattatray Damodar in the lead role. The lead actress in the film was acted by an actor named Anna Salunke.

Dattatreya Damodar Dabke – King Harishchandra

Anna Salunke – Taramati, wife of King Harishchandra

Balachandra D. Phalke – Rohitash, son of Harishchandra

G. Whey Sane – Sage Vishwamitra

D. D. Dabke

PG Sane

Dattatreya Telang

Ganpat Shinde

Vishnu green inverted

Nath Telang

Director dada saheb Phalke

Dadasaheb Phalke under the banner of producer Phalke

Screenplay Dadasaheb Phalke

Story of Ranchodbai Udayram

Based on the stories of King Harishchandra, the famous Suryavanshi king of Ayodhya.

Exhibition date  3 May 1913

Time limit 40 minutes

Country India

Language silent

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