Dada Sahab Phalke

By | 23rd January 2020

Welcome to my website Vishnu k films Today we will talk about the father of the film world i.e. Dadasaheb Phalke Ji.

Some important things about Dadasaheb

1st Birth: – Dadasaheb was born on 30 April 1870 in Trimbak, Bombay Presidency, British India.

2 Death: – 16 February 1944 (age 73), took place in Nashik, Bombay Presidency, British India.

3 Educated: – Sir JJ School of Art from Maharaja Sayajirao University, Baroda.

4 Business: – Dada Saheb Phalke was a master of film director, producer, screenwriter, etc.

Dada Saheb Phalke life introduction

 Let’s begin, Dadasaheb Phalke’s life introduction was his full name Dhundiraj Govind Phalke and he was born on 30 April 1870 in Trimbakeshwar, the city of Baba Bholenath,

about 20-25 km from Nashik city of Maharashtra. His father was a Sanskrit scholar and a professor at Elphinstone College in Mumbai. Dadasaheb was educated in Mumbai itself.

Film making inspiration

It is a matter of 25 December 1891 when a foreign silent film “Life of Christ” was being shown in ‘America-India Theater’ in Mumbai, the same Dadasaheb was also watching this film.

While watching the film, Dadasaheb Ji was seen in the place of Prabhu Jesus, Hindu gods Shree Krishna, Shri Ram, Samarth Guru Ramdas, Shivaji, Sant Tukaram etc.

He wondered why not portray the character of Indian great personalities through films. He saw this film many times and then a burst of film-making sprouted in his heart.

His desire for film-making grew so much that he studied many film-making magazines and started taking pictures with a camera. When Dadasaheb made his concerted move in film-making, he faced many difficulties.

As such, Dadasaheb reached London to buy some film-making equipment by arranging some money.

He bought some film-making equipment with the help of the editor of Bicope Cine Weekly and came back to Mumbai in April 1912 and the film information in India was negligible but Dada Saheb also came to learn from him about films.

Production of first films

And then Dadasaheb built his own studio in Dadar and established his own organization called Phalke Film.

After eight months of hard work, the first silent film “Raja Harishchandra” was produced by Dadasaheb. The producer, writer, cameraman, etc. of this movie (film) were all Dadasaheb.

No woman was prepared to work in this film, so being helpless, a male character was selected for the role of Taramati.

In this movie, Dadasaheb himself became a hero (Harishchandra) and Rohitashwaa was played by his seven-year-old son Bhalchandra Phalke. The film was first screened at the Coronation Theater in December 1912.

More films of Dadasaheb

After the film Raja Harishchandra, Dadasaheb made two more mythological films “Bhasmasur Mohini” and “Savitri”. In 1915, with these three films, Dadasaheb went abroad.

These films were highly praised in London. In 1937, at the insistence of Kolhapur King, Dadasaheb made his first final speaking film “Gangavataran”. Dadasaheb produced a total of 125 films.

Death of dada Sahab Phalke

On February 14, 1949, at the age of 6, this unique sun of the Indian film-world, in the holy shrine of Nashik, went on forever.

Award

Being the father of the film world, the Government of India gives the ‘Dadasaheb Phalke Award’ to a specific person of the film world every year in his memory.

Business

Dada Saheb Phalke was a creative artist. He was a veteran actor of the stage, an amateur magician. He also did a photography course from Kala Bhavan, Baroda.

He also experimented in the process of photochemical printing. In 1910, one of his partners withdrew his financial support from the printing business he was engaged in. At that time, at the age of 40, his nature became irritable due to the loss in business.

He saw a film on ‘Jesus’ on the occasion of Christmas. While watching the film, Phalke decided that the purpose of his life was to become a filmmaker. He felt that mythological epics like Ramayana and Mahabharata would give good stories for films.

He had all kinds of skills. He used to do new experiments. Therefore, by taking advantage of training and due to his temperamental nature, he became the first person to do the impossible task of making the first Indian film.

Dada Saheb went to England in February 1912 to do a crash-course in film production and learned to work under Cecil Hepworth for a week.

Cabourn helped select instruments and raw materials such as Williamson cameras, a film perforator, processing, and printing machines. He made ‘Raja Harishchandra’.

Since there were no other standards before them, they had to make all the work arrangements themselves.

Had to teach acting, had to write scenes, photography and also had to do film projection work.

All their heroines were male actors (except for the prostitute character) due to the lack of female actors available.

Salunke, a hotel chef, played the first heroine of an Indian film. Initially, the shooting was done in a studio in Dadar.

All shooting was done in daylight as he developed and printed the exposed footage at night. A 3700 feet long film was produced in six months. It was released on 21 April 1913 at the Olympia Cinema Hall. Not only the western film’s poor audience but also the press ignored it.

But Phalke knew that he was making his film for the general public, so this film was a tremendous hit.

Other films

Dadasaheb made a total of 95 films and 24 short films in a 19-year long career.

• King Harishchandra (1913)

• Mohini Bhasmasur (1913)

• Satyavan Savitri (1914)

• Lanka Dahan (1916)

• Shri Krishna Birth (1914)

• Kalia Mardan (1919)

• Buddhadeb (1923)

• Balaji Nimbarkar (1924)

• Devotee Prahlada (1924)

• Devotee Sudama (1924)

• Rukmini Haran (1924)

• Rukmangada Mohini (1924)

• Draupadi Vastraharan (1924)

• Hanuman Birth (1924)

• Nal Damayanti (1926)

• Bhakta Damaji (1924)

• Parashurama (1924)

• Kumari Milche Purification (1924)

• Sri Krishna Shishtai (1924)

• Kacha Devayani (1929)

• Chandrahas (1929)

• Malti Madhav (1929)

• Malvikagnimitra (1929)

• Vasant Sena (1929)

• Boli Tapeli (1929)

• Saint Mirabai (1929)

• Mirabai (1929)

• Kabir Kamal (1930)

• Setu Bandhan (1932)

• Gangavataran (1937) – is the first spoken film directed by Dada Saheb Phalke.

Friends, Dada Saheb’s life was a boon for the world of the film, for which the Government of India still organizes the Dadasaheb Award every year.

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